Editor's note:

This selec­tive, top­i­cal index is designed to help read­ers get a pic­ture of the with-God life pre­sent­ed in the Bible and the role of the Spir­i­tu­al Dis­ci­plines in fos­ter­ing that kind of life toward its full­ness. The pas­sages list­ed either con­tain a spe­cif­ic ref­er­ence to a top­ic serv­ing as a dis­ci­pline (e.g., the word med­i­ta­tion”) or are about that top­ic with­out using the spe­cif­ic term. Because this index is selec­tive, it does not list every pas­sage in the Bible on each top­ic, and the entries are restrict­ed to the topic’s role as a Spir­i­tu­al Dis­ci­pline. Some of the entries are neg­a­tive exam­ples of the prac­tice of a par­tic­u­lar discipline.

The list of dis­ci­plines cho­sen for this index also does not include every prac­tice or sit­u­a­tion that could actu­al­ly serve as a dis­ci­pline in the process of spir­i­tu­al for­ma­tion. The dis­ci­plines under con­sid­er­a­tion here include cel­e­bra­tion, chasti­ty, con­fes­sion, fast­ing, fel­low­ship, guid­ance, med­i­ta­tion, prayer, sac­ri­fice, secre­cy, ser­vice, silence, simplicity/​frugality, soli­tude, study, sub­mis­sion, and wor­ship. Since the cen­tral focus of Chris­t­ian spir­i­tu­al for­ma­tion is the with-God life, that top­ic begins the index. It is fol­lowed by sec­tions con­tain­ing scrip­tur­al ref­er­ences for the var­i­ous dis­ci­plines, in alpha­bet­i­cal order. Those ref­er­ences for which there are spir­i­tu­al for­ma­tion exer­cis­es are des­ig­nat­ed by an asterisk.

No doubt some pas­sages may have been omit­ted that might be very use­ful for under­stand­ing spir­i­tu­al for­ma­tion. What is giv­en here is intend­ed to pro­vide only a sub­stan­tial intro­duc­tion to the pres­ence and impor­tance of Spir­i­tu­al Dis­ci­plines in the Bible. For fur­ther study on dis­ci­plines and how they are to be prac­ticed, please see Richard Fos­ter, Cel­e­bra­tion of Dis­ci­pline, and Dal­las Willard, The Spir­it of the Dis­ci­plines.

We are releas­ing this Bible in two edi­tions — with and with­out the Deute­ro­canon­ial Books. (See the Fore­word for a gen­er­al state­ment.) In the Spir­i­tu­al Dis­ci­plines Index, you will see some ref­er­ences to pas­sages in the Deute­ro­canon­ial Books. These ref­er­ences will be in ital­ics to dif­fer­en­ti­ate their sta­tus from the New and the Old Testaments.

—Renovaré Team

Excerpt from Life with God Spiritual Formation Bible

PRAYER: Inter­ac­tive con­ver­sa­tion with God about what we and God are think­ing and doing together. 

Gen 18:23 – 33 Let me take it upon myself to speak to the Lord. 

*Gen 20:7 He will pray for you and you shall live. 

Gen 25:21 Isaac prayed to the Lord for his wife, because she was bar­ren; and the Lord grant­ed his prayer. 

Exod 33:18 Show me your glo­ry, I pray. 

*1 Sam 1:9 – 20 Han­nah … was deeply dis­tressed and prayed to the Lord, and wept bitterly. 

1 Sam 7:8 Do not cease to cry out to the Lord our God for us, and pray that he may save us.

*1 Sam 12:23 Ear be it from me that I should sin against the Lord by ceas­ing to pray for you; and I will instruct you in the good and the right way. 

*1 Kings 8:28 – 53 Regard your ser­van­t’s prayer and his plea, O Lord my God, heed­ing the cry and the prayer that your ser­vant prays to you today. 

1 Kings 9:3 I have heard your prayer and your plea, which you made before me. 

2 Kings 6:17 Then Elisha prayed: O Lord, please open his eyes that he may see.” 

*2 Kings 19:15 – 19 And Hezeki­ah prayed before the Lord.

*1 Chron 17:16 – 27 Then King David went in and sat before the Lord.

*1 Chron 21:17 Let your hand, I pray, O Lord my God, be against me and against my father’s house; but do not let your peo­ple be plagued! 

2 Chron 6:19 Regard your ser­van­t’s prayer and his plea, O Lord my God, heed­ing the cry and the prayer that your ser­vant prays to you. 

2 Chron 7:14 If my peo­ple who are called by my name hum­ble them­selves, pray, seek my face, and turn from their wicked ways, then I will hear from heaven. 

*2 Chron 30:18 – 19 Hezeki­ah prayed for them, say­ing, The good Lord par­don all.” 

2 Chron 33:13 He prayed to him, and God received his entreaty, heard his plea, and restored him again to Jerusalem and to his kingdom. 

Ezra 10:1 Ezra prayed and made con­fes­sion, weep­ing and throw­ing him­self down before the house of God. 

*Neh 1:4 – 11 When I heard these words I sat down and wept, and mourned for days, fast­ing and pray­ing before the God of heaven. 

*Neh 2:4 – 5 So I prayed to the God of heaven. 

Neh 4:9 So we prayed to our God, and set a guard as a pro­tec­tion against them day and night. 

Neh 11:17 Mat­ta­ni­ah … who was the leader to begin the thanks­giv­ing in prayer. 

*Job 42:10 And the Lord restored the for­tunes of Job when he had prayed for his friends. 

Ps 17:1 Hear a just cause, O Lord; attend to my cry; give ear to my prayer from lips free of deceit. 

Ps 32:6 There­fore let all who are faith­ful offer prayer to you. 

Ps 39:12 Hear my prayer, O Lord, and give ear to my cry.

Ps 42:8 By day the Lord com­mands his stead­fast love, and at night his song is with me, a prayer to the God of my life. 

Ps 65:2 O you who answer prayer! To you all flesh shall come. 

Ps 69:13 But as for me, my prayer is to you, O Lord. 

Ps 72:15 May prayer be made for him con­tin­u­al­ly, and bless­ings invoked for him all day long. 

Ps 102:17 He will regard the prayer of the des­ti­tute, and will not despise their prayer. 

Ps 109:4 In return for my love they accuse me, even while I make prayer for them. 

*Ps 123:3 Have mer­cy upon us, O Lord. 

*Ps 141:2 Let my prayer be count­ed as incense before you, and the lift­ing up of my hands as an evening sacrifice. 

Ps 143:1 Hear my prayer, O Lord; give ear to my sup­pli­ca­tions in your faith­ful­ness; answer me in your righteousness. 

Prov 15:29 The Lord is far from the wicked, but he hears the prayer of the righteous. 

*Prov 28:9 When one will not lis­ten to the law, even one’s prayers are an abomination. 

*Isa 26:16 O Lord, in dis­tress they sought you, they poured out a prayer when your chas­ten­ing was on them. 

*Isa 36:15 Do not let Hezeki­ah make you rely on the Lord by say­ing, The Lord will sure­ly deliv­er us. 

Isa 37:21 – 22 Because you have prayed to me … this is the word that the Lord has spoken. 

*Isa 38:3 – 7 Remem­ber now, O Lord, I implore you, how I have walked before you in faith­ful­ness with a whole heart. 

*Isa 56:7 My house shall be called a house of prayer for all peoples. 

*Jer 12:1 You will be in the right, O Lord, when I lay charges against you; but let me put my case to you.

*Jer 29:7 But seek the wel­fare of the city where I have sent you into exile, and pray to the Lord on its behalf. 

*Jer 29:11 – 13 Then when you call upon me and come and pray to me, I will hear you. 

*Lam 3:44 You have wrapped your­self with a cloud so that no prayer can pass through. 

*Dan 6:10 Daniel… con­tin­ued to … get down on his knees three times a day to pray to his God and praise him, just as he had done previously. 

*Dan 9:3 – 21 I prayed to the Lord my God and made confession. 

*Jon 2:1 – 9 Then Jon­ah prayed to the Lord his God from the bel­ly of the fish. 

*Jon 4:2 – 3 He prayed to the Lord and said, O Lord! Is not this what I said while I was still in my own country?” 

*Add to Esther 14:1 – 3 She prayed to the Lord God of Israel, and said: O my Lord, you only are our king; help me, who am alone and have no helper but you.” 

1 Esd 8:91 Ezra was pray­ing and making 

his con­fes­sion, weep­ing and lying on the ground before the temple. 

2 Esd 7:110 – 12 So if now, when corruption 

has increased and unright­eous­ness has mul­ti­plied, the right­eous have prayed for the ungod­ly, why will it not be so then as well? 

*2 Esd 9:43 – 45 Every hour and every day dur­ing those thir­ty years I prayed to the Most High, night and day. 

*1 Macc 12:11 We there­fore remem­ber you con­stant­ly … in our prayers, as it is right and prop­er to remem­ber brothers. 

*2 Macc 1:2 – 6 May God do good to you. 

*2 Macc 13:10 – 12 He ordered the peo­ple to call upon the Lord day and night. 

*3 Macc 5:7 – 9 With tears and a voice hard to silence they all called upon the Almighty God and Ruler of all power. 

* Wisd of Sol 7:7 There­fore I prayed, and under­stand­ing was giv­en me. 

*Wisd of Sol 16:28 One must rise before the sun to give you thanks, and must pray to you at the dawn­ing of the light. 

*Sir7:10 Do not grow weary when you pray. 

*Sir 21:5 The prayer of the poor goes from their lips to the ears of God, and his judg­ment comes speedily. 

Sir 34:31 So if one fasts for his sins, and goes again and does the same things, who will lis­ten to his prayer? 

Sir 35:20 – 22 The one whose ser­vice is pleas­ing to the Lord will be accept­ed, and his prayer will reach to the clouds. 

*Sir 38:9 – 14 My child, when you are ill, do not delay, but pray to the Lord, and he will heal you. 

*Sir 39:5 – 6 He sets his heart to rise ear­ly to seek the Lord who made him, and to peti­tion the Most High. 

Sir 51:13 While I was still young, before I went on my trav­els, I sought wis­dom open­ly in my prayer. 

Bar 2:14 Hear, O Lord, our prayer and our sup­pli­ca­tion, and for your own sake deliv­er us. 

Toh 3:1 Then with much grief and anguish of heart I wept, and with groan­ing began to pray. 

*Tob 3:11 – 16 At that same time, with hands out­stretched toward the win­dow, she prayed. 

*Tob 7:16 Take courage, my daugh­ter; the Lord of heav­en grant you joy in place of your sorrow.

Matt 5:44 Love your ene­mies and pray for those who per­se­cute you. 

Matt 6:5 – 9 When­ev­er you pray, do not be like the hyp­ocrites; for they love to stand and pray … so that they may be seen by others. 

Matt 14:23 After he had dis­missed the crowds, he went up the moun­tain by him­self to pray. 

Matt 21:13 It is writ­ten, My house shall be called a house of prayer”; but you are mak­ing it a den of robbers.

Matt 21:22 What­ev­er you ask for in prayer with faith, you will receive. 

Matt 26:36 – 44 Then Jesus went with them to a place called Geth­se­mane; and he said to his dis­ci­ples, Sit here while I go over there and pray” 

Mark 1:35 In the morn­ing, while it was still very dark, he got up and went out to a desert­ed place, and there he prayed. 

Mark 6:46 After say­ing farewell to them, he went up on the moun­tain to pray. 

Mark 9:29 This kind can come out only through prayer. 

Mark 11:17 Is it not writ­ten, My house shall be called a house of prayer for all the nations”? But you have made it a den of robbers. 

Mark 11:24 What­ev­er you ask for in prayer, believe that you have received it, and it will be yours.

Mark 11:25 When­ev­er you stand pray­ing, for­give, if you have any­thing against any­one; so that your Father in heav­en may also for­give you your trespasses. 

Mark 14:32 – 39 They went to a place called Geth­se­mane; and he said to his dis­ci­ples, Sit here while I pray.” 

Luke 2:37 She nev­er left the tem­ple but wor­shiped there with fast­ing and prayer night and day. 

Luke 3:21 When Jesus also had been bap­tized and was pray­ing, the heav­en was opened. 

Luke 5:16 He would with­draw to desert­ed places and pray. 

Luke 6:12 Now dur­ing those days he went out to the moun­tain to pray; and he spent the night in prayer to God. 

*Luke 6:28 Bless those who curse you, pray for those who abuse you. 

Luke 9:28 – 29 Jesus took with him Peter and John and James, and went up on the moun­tain to pray. 

Luke 11:1 He was pray­ing in a cer­tain place, and after he had fin­ished, one of his dis­ci­ples said to him, Lord, teach us to pray, as John taught his disciples.” 

Luke 11:2 – 13 When you pray, say: Father, hal­lowed be your name.”

Luke 18:1 – 8 Then Jesus told them a para­ble about their need to pray always and not to lose heart. 

Luke 18:10 – 14 Two men went up to the tem­ple to pray, one a Phar­isee and the oth­er a tax collector. 

*Luke 22:32 I have prayed for you that your own faith may not fail. 

Luke 22:40 – 46 In his anguish he prayed more earnest­ly, and his sweat became like great drops of blood falling down on the ground. 

*John 11:41 – 42 And Jesus looked upward and said, Father, I thank you for hav­ing heard me.” 

Acts 1:14 All these were con­stant­ly devot­ing them­selves to prayer. 

Acts 2:42 They devot­ed them­selves to the apos­tles’ teach­ing and fel­low­ship, to the break­ing of bread and the prayers. 

Acts 6:4 We, for our part, will devote our­selves to prayer and to serv­ing the word. 

Acts 6:6 They had these men stand before the apos­tles, who prayed and laid their hands on them. 

Acts 8:15 The two went down and prayed for them that they might receive the Holy Spirit. 

Acts 9:11 Get up and go … look for a man of Tar­sus named Saul. At this moment he is praying. 

*Acts 10:2 He was a devout man who feared God with all his house­hold; he gave alms gen­er­ous­ly to the peo­ple and prayed con­stant­ly to God. 

Acts 10:4 Your prayers and your alms have ascend­ed as a memo­r­i­al before God. 

Acts 11:5 I was in the city of Jop­pa pray­ing, and in a trance I saw a vision.

Acts 12:5 While Peter was kept in prison, the church prayed fer­vent­ly to God for him. 

Acts 13:3 Then after fast­ing and pray­ing they laid their hands on them and sent them off. 

Acts 14:23 With prayer and fast­ing they entrust­ed them to the Lord in whom they had come to believe. 

Acts 16:13 There was a place of prayer; and we sat down and spoke to the women who had gath­ered there. 

Acts 16:25 About mid­night Paul and Silas were pray­ing and singing hymns to God. 

Acts 22:17 While I was pray­ing in the tem­ple, I fell into a trance. 

*Acts 28:8 Paul vis­it­ed him and cured him by pray­ing and putting his hands on him. 

*Rom 8:26 We do not know how to pray as we ought, but that very Spir­it inter­cedes with sighs too deep for words. 

Rom 12:12 Rejoice in hope, be patient in suf­fer­ing, per­se­vere in prayer. 

*1 Cor 1:4 I give thanks to my God always for you. 

*1 Cor 7:5 Do not deprive one anoth­er except per­haps by agree­ment for a set time, to devote your­selves to prayer. 

1 Cor 14:13 – 15 There­fore, one who speaks in a tongue should pray for the pow­er to interpret. 

2 Cor 1:11 Many will give thanks on our behalf for the bless­ing grant­ed us through the prayers of many. 

*Eph 1:16 I do not cease to give thanks for you as I remem­ber you in my prayers. 

*Eph 6:18 Pray in the Spir­it at all times in every prayer and supplication. 

Phil 1:3 – 4 I thank my God every time I remem­ber you, con­stant­ly pray­ing with joy in every one of my prayers for all of you. 

Phil 4:6 In every­thing by prayer and sup­pli­ca­tion with thanks­giv­ing let your requests be made known to God.

Col 4:2 Devote your­selves to prayer, keep­ing alert in it with thanksgiving.

*Col 4:12 He is always wrestling in his prayers on your behalf, so that you may stand mature and ful­ly assured in every­thing that God wills. 

1 Thess 5:17 Pray with­out ceasing. 

1 Tim 2:8 I desire, then, that in every place the men should pray, lift­ing up holy hands with­out anger or argument. 

1 Tim 4:5 It is sanc­ti­fied by God’s word and by prayer. 

1 Tim 5:5 The real wid­ow, left alone, has set her hope on God and con­tin­ues in sup­pli­ca­tions and prayers night and day. 

Heb 5:7 In the days of his flesh, Jesus offered up prayers and sup­pli­ca­tions, with loud cries and tears. 

James 5:13 – 16 Are any among you suf­fer­ing? They should pray. 

James 5:17 – 18 Eli­jah … prayed fer­vent­ly that it might not rain, and for three years and six months it did not rain on the earth. 

*1 Pet 3:7 Hus­bands, in the same way, show con­sid­er­a­tion for your wives … so that noth­ing may hin­der your prayers. 

1 Pet 3:12 For the eyes of the Lord are on the right­eous, and his ears are open to their prayer. 

1 Pet 4:7 Be seri­ous and dis­ci­pline your­selves for the sake of your prayers. 

Jude 20 But you, beloved, build your­selves up on your most holy faith; pray in the Holy Spirit.

Rev 5:8 Each [held] a harp and gold­en bowls full of incense, which are the prayers of the saints. 

Rev 8:3 – 4 He was giv­en a great quan­ti­ty of incense to offer with the prayers of all the saints on the gold­en altar that is before the throne. 

Excerpt­ed from the Life with God Bible (New Revised Stan­dard Ver­sion), with spe­cial thanks to Harper­One and to the late Dal­las Willard who com­piled the Index.

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